MakeItFrom.com
Menu (ESC)

EN AC-45400 Aluminum vs. C86300 Bronze

EN AC-45400 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN AC-45400 aluminum and the bottom bar is C86300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 86
250
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 72
110
Elongation at Break, % 6.7
14
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.32
Shear Modulus, GPa 27
42
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 260
850
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 130
480

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 470
200
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
160
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 630
920
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 560
890
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 880
420
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 140
35
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 22
20

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 30
8.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 95
9.2

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 10
23
Density, g/cm3 2.8
7.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 7.8
3.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
51
Embodied Water, L/kg 1100
360

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 14
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 110
1030
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
7.8
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 49
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 25
30
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 32
25
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 54
11
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
28

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 88.4 to 92.9
5.0 to 7.5
Copper (Cu), % 2.6 to 3.6
60 to 66
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.6
2.0 to 4.0
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 0 to 0.050
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.55
2.5 to 5.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si), % 4.5 to 6.0
0
Tin (Sn), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.25
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
22 to 28
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 1.0