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EN AC-51200 Aluminum vs. EN-MC32110 Magnesium

EN AC-51200 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys classification, while EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN AC-51200 aluminum and the bottom bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 80
60
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 67
49
Elongation at Break, % 1.1
2.2
Fatigue Strength, MPa 100
80
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.29
Shear Modulus, GPa 25
19
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
220
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 150
140

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
330
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
99
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 640
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 570
500
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 910
950
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 92
120
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 23
26

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 22
32
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 74
140

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 9.5
13
Density, g/cm3 2.6
2.1
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 9.6
22
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 1150
920

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 2.2
4.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 160
210
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 14
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 51
58
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 24
29
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 31
38
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 39
58
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 10
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 84.5 to 92
0 to 0.2
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.1
2.4 to 3.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.050
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.1
0
Magnesium (Mg), % 8.0 to 10.5
89.3 to 91.9
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.55
0.25 to 0.75
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.1
0 to 0.010
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 2.5
0 to 0.2
Tin (Sn), % 0 to 0.1
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0 to 0.2
0
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.25
5.5 to 6.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.010