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EN-MC21210 Magnesium vs. C19100 Copper

EN-MC21210 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while C19100 copper belongs to the copper alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (3, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC21210 magnesium and the bottom bar is C19100 copper.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 44
120
Elongation at Break, % 14
17 to 37
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 17
43
Shear Strength, MPa 110
170 to 330
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 190
250 to 630
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 90
75 to 550

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 350
210
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 100
200
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
1080
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 570
1040
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 1000
390
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
250
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 27
17

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 24
55
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 130
56

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 12
33
Density, g/cm3 1.6
8.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 24
2.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 160
43
Embodied Water, L/kg 980
310

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 22
60 to 99
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 92
24 to 1310
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 15
7.2
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 72
18
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 32
7.7 to 20
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 44
9.9 to 18
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 76
73
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 11
8.9 to 22

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 1.6 to 2.6
0
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.010
96.5 to 98.6
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.0050
0 to 0.2
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.1
Magnesium (Mg), % 96.3 to 98.3
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0.1 to 0.7
0
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.0020
0.9 to 1.3
Phosphorus (P), % 0
0.15 to 0.35
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.1
0
Tellurium (Te), % 0
0.35 to 0.6
Zinc (Zn), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.5