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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. 518.0 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while 518.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is 518.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
80
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
67
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
5.0
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
140
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
25
Shear Strength, MPa 120
200
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
310
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
190

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
390
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
620
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
98
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
24

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
24
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
81

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
9.4
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1160

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
14
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
270
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
51
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
32
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
38
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
40
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
14

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
88.1 to 92.5
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
0 to 0.25
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 1.8
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
7.5 to 8.5
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0 to 0.35
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.15
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.35
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.15
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 0.15
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.25