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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. A380.0 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while A380.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 31 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is A380.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
80
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
73
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
3.3
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
140
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
27
Shear Strength, MPa 120
190
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
290
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
160

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
510
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
590
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
550
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
870
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
96
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
25
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
78

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
11
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
7.5
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
140
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1040

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
8.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
180
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
48
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
28
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
34
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
38
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
13

Alloy Composition


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Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
80.3 to 89.5
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
3.0 to 4.0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 1.3
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
0 to 0.1
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.5
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
7.5 to 9.5
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.35
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 3.0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.5