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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. EN AC-44400 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while EN AC-44400 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is EN AC-44400 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
61
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
71
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
4.1
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
79
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
210
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
110

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
540
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
33
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
110

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
7.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1080

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
7.3
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
85
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
54
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
23
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
31
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
60
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
9.8

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
87.1 to 92
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
0 to 0.1
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.65
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.050
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
0 to 0.1
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.050
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
8.0 to 11
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.050
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.15
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 0.15
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.15