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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. EN AC-45100 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while EN AC-45100 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is EN AC-45100 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
97 to 130
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
72
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
1.0 to 2.8
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
82 to 99
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
300 to 360
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
210 to 320

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
470
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
630
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
550
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
890
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
30
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
95

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
10
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
7.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1100

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
3.5 to 7.6
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
290 to 710
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
30 to 35
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
35 to 39
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
54
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
14 to 16

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
88 to 92.8
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
2.6 to 3.6
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.6
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.1
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
0.15 to 0.45
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
4.5 to 6.0
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.050
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.15