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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. EN AC-45300 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while EN AC-45300 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is EN AC-45300 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
94 to 120
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
71
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
1.0 to 2.8
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
59 to 72
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
220 to 290
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
150 to 230

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
470
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
630
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
590
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
890
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
150
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
36
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
8.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1120

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
2.7 to 5.6
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
160 to 390
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
23 to 29
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
30 to 35
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
60
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
10 to 13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
90.2 to 94.2
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
1.0 to 1.5
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.65
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.15
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
0.35 to 0.65
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.25
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
4.5 to 5.5
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.050
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 0.15
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.15