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EN-MC32110 Magnesium vs. EN AC-46400 Aluminum

EN-MC32110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while EN AC-46400 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 30 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC32110 magnesium and the bottom bar is EN AC-46400 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 60
77 to 120
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 49
72
Elongation at Break, % 2.2
1.1 to 1.7
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
75 to 85
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 19
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 220
170 to 310
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
110 to 270

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
520
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 99
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 500
570
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 950
890
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 120
130
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 32
33
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 140
110

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 13
9.5
Density, g/cm3 2.1
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 22
7.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 150
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 920
1070

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.3
1.7 to 4.9
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 210
82 to 500
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 58
52
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 29
18 to 32
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 38
26 to 38
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 58
55
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 12
7.8 to 14

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.2
85.4 to 90.5
Copper (Cu), % 2.4 to 3.0
0.8 to 1.3
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.8
Lead (Pb), % 0
0 to 0.1
Magnesium (Mg), % 89.3 to 91.9
0.25 to 0.65
Manganese (Mn), % 0.25 to 0.75
0.15 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.2
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.2
8.3 to 9.7
Tin (Sn), % 0
0 to 0.1
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn), % 5.5 to 6.5
0 to 0.8
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.25