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EN-MC35110 Magnesium vs. 1200 Aluminum

EN-MC35110 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while 1200 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC35110 magnesium and the bottom bar is 1200 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 63
23 to 48
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 45
69
Elongation at Break, % 3.1
1.1 to 28
Fatigue Strength, MPa 110
25 to 69
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 18
26
Shear Strength, MPa 130
54 to 100
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 230
85 to 180
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 150
28 to 160

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 140
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 600
660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 520
650
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 970
900
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 110
230
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
23

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 27
58
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 130
190

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 18
9.0
Density, g/cm3 1.9
2.7
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 24
8.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 170
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 940
1190

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 6.3
2.0 to 19
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 260
5.7 to 180
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 63
50
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 34
8.7 to 19
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 44
16 to 26
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 61
92
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 14
3.8 to 8.1

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0
99 to 100
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.050
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 1.0
Magnesium (Mg), % 92 to 95.4
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.050
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 1.0
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.050
Unspecified Rare Earths, % 0.75 to 1.8
0
Zinc (Zn), % 3.5 to 5.0
0 to 0.1
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.4 to 1.0
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.15