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EN-MC65120 Magnesium vs. 359.0 Aluminum

EN-MC65120 magnesium belongs to the magnesium alloys classification, while 359.0 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys.

For each property being compared, the top bar is EN-MC65120 magnesium and the bottom bar is 359.0 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 55
90 to 100
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 45
71
Elongation at Break, % 3.1
3.8 to 4.9
Fatigue Strength, MPa 80
100
Poisson's Ratio 0.29
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 17
27
Shear Strength, MPa 92
220 to 230
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 160
340 to 350
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 110
250 to 280

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 330
530
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 180
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 590
600
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 520
570
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 970
910
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 100
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 26
21

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 25
35
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 120
120

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 25
9.5
Density, g/cm3 1.9
2.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 25
8.0
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 190
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 930
1090

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 4.4
12 to 15
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 140
450 to 540
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
15
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 62
54
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 23
37 to 38
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 34
42 to 43
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 56
59
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.8
16 to 17

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0
88.9 to 91
Copper (Cu), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.2
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.2
Magnesium (Mg), % 91.8 to 95.1
0.5 to 0.7
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.15
0 to 0.1
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.010
8.5 to 9.5
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.2
Unspecified Rare Earths, % 2.5 to 4.0
0
Zinc (Zn), % 2.0 to 3.0
0 to 0.1
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.4 to 1.0
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.15