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Grade 32 Titanium vs. Grade 19 Titanium

Both grade 32 titanium and grade 19 titanium are titanium alloys. They have 81% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 32 titanium and the bottom bar is grade 19 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
120
Elongation at Break, % 11
5.6 to 17
Fatigue Strength, MPa 390
550 to 620
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.32
Reduction in Area, % 28
22
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
47
Shear Strength, MPa 460
550 to 750
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 770
890 to 1300
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 670
870 to 1170

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
400
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 310
370
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1610
1660
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1560
1600
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 550
520
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 7.5
6.2
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 8.2
9.1

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 38
45
Density, g/cm3 4.5
5.0
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 32
47
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 530
760
Embodied Water, L/kg 180
230

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 83
70 to 150
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 2100
3040 to 5530
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
33
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 47
49 to 72
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 41
41 to 53
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 3.0
2.4
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 63
57 to 83

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 4.5 to 5.5
3.0 to 4.0
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0 to 0.050
Chromium (Cr), % 0
5.5 to 6.5
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0 to 0.020
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.25
0 to 0.3
Molybdenum (Mo), % 0.6 to 1.2
3.5 to 4.5
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.030
Oxygen (O), % 0 to 0.11
0 to 0.12
Silicon (Si), % 0.060 to 0.14
0
Tin (Sn), % 0.6 to 1.4
0
Titanium (Ti), % 88.1 to 93
71.1 to 77
Vanadium (V), % 0.6 to 1.4
7.5 to 8.5
Zirconium (Zr), % 0.6 to 1.4
3.5 to 4.5
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.4