MakeItFrom.com
Menu (ESC)

Grade 38 Titanium vs. Grade 5 Titanium

Both grade 38 titanium and grade 5 titanium are titanium alloys. They have a very high 96% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 31 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is grade 38 titanium and the bottom bar is grade 5 titanium.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
110
Elongation at Break, % 11
8.6 to 11
Fatigue Strength, MPa 530
530 to 630
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.32
Reduction in Area, % 29
21 to 25
Shear Modulus, GPa 40
40
Shear Strength, MPa 600
600 to 710
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 1000
1000 to 1190
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 910
910 to 1110

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 410
410
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 330
330
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1620
1610
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 1570
1650
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 550
560
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 8.0
6.8
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 9.3
8.9

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 1.2
1.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 2.4
2.0

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 36
36
Density, g/cm3 4.5
4.4
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 35
38
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 560
610
Embodied Water, L/kg 160
200

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 110
100 to 110
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 3840
3980 to 5880
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 13
13
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 35
35
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 62
62 to 75
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 49
50 to 56
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 3.2
2.7
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 72
76 to 91

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 3.5 to 4.5
5.5 to 6.8
Carbon (C), % 0 to 0.080
0 to 0.080
Hydrogen (H), % 0 to 0.015
0 to 0.015
Iron (Fe), % 1.2 to 1.8
0 to 0.4
Nitrogen (N), % 0 to 0.030
0 to 0.050
Oxygen (O), % 0.2 to 0.3
0 to 0.2
Titanium (Ti), % 89.9 to 93.1
87.4 to 91
Vanadium (V), % 2.0 to 3.0
3.5 to 4.5
Yttrium (Y), % 0
0 to 0.0050
Residuals, % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.4