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C84000 Brass vs. AISI 334 Stainless Steel

C84000 brass belongs to the copper alloys classification, while AISI 334 stainless steel belongs to the iron alloys. There are 25 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (9, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is C84000 brass and the bottom bar is AISI 334 stainless steel.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 65
180
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
200
Elongation at Break, % 27
34
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.28
Shear Modulus, GPa 42
77
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 250
540
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
190

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 190
290
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
1000
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1040
1410
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 940
1370
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 380
480
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 18
16

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 30
22
Density, g/cm3 8.6
7.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.0
4.1
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 49
59
Embodied Water, L/kg 330
170

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 58
140
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 83
96
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 7.2
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 19
25
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 8.2
19
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 10
19
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.0
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.0050
0.15 to 0.6
Antimony (Sb), % 0 to 0.020
0
Boron (B), % 0 to 0.1
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.080
Chromium (Cr), % 0
18 to 20
Copper (Cu), % 82 to 89
0
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
55.7 to 62.7
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.090
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 1.0
Nickel (Ni), % 0.5 to 2.0
19 to 21
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.030
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.0050
0 to 1.0
Sulfur (S), % 0.1 to 0.65
0 to 0.015
Tin (Sn), % 2.0 to 4.0
0
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0.15 to 0.6
Zinc (Zn), % 5.0 to 14
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.7
0