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C84000 Brass vs. C87300 Bronze

Both C84000 brass and C87300 bronze are copper alloys. Both are furnished in the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. They have 86% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is C84000 brass and the bottom bar is C87300 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
120
Elongation at Break, % 27
22
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 42
43
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 250
350
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
140

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 190
280
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
200
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1040
970
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 940
820
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 380
410
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 72
28
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 18
17

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 16
6.1
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 17
6.4

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 30
29
Density, g/cm3 8.6
8.6
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.0
2.7
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 49
42
Embodied Water, L/kg 330
300

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 58
62
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 83
86
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 7.2
7.5
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 19
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 8.2
11
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 10
13
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 22
8.0
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.0
13

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Antimony (Sb), % 0 to 0.020
0
Boron (B), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 82 to 89
94 to 95.7
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0 to 0.2
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.090
0 to 0.2
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.010
0.8 to 1.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0.5 to 2.0
0
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.050
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.0050
3.5 to 5.0
Sulfur (S), % 0.1 to 0.65
0
Tin (Sn), % 2.0 to 4.0
0
Zinc (Zn), % 5.0 to 14
0 to 0.25
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.5