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C84000 Brass vs. C95400 Bronze

Both C84000 brass and C95400 bronze are copper alloys. They have 86% of their average alloy composition in common.

For each property being compared, the top bar is C84000 brass and the bottom bar is C95400 bronze.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 65
160 to 200
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
110
Elongation at Break, % 27
8.1 to 16
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.34
Shear Modulus, GPa 42
43
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 250
600 to 710
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
240 to 360

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 190
230
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
230
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1040
1040
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 940
1030
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 380
440
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 72
59
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 18
18

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 16
13
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 17
14

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 30
27
Density, g/cm3 8.6
8.2
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.0
3.2
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 49
53
Embodied Water, L/kg 330
390

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 58
48 to 75
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 83
250 to 560
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 7.2
7.7
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 19
20
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 8.2
20 to 24
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 10
19 to 22
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 22
16
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.0
21 to 25

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.0050
10 to 11.5
Antimony (Sb), % 0 to 0.020
0
Boron (B), % 0 to 0.1
0
Copper (Cu), % 82 to 89
83 to 87
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
3.0 to 5.0
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.090
0
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0.5 to 2.0
0 to 1.5
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.050
0
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Sulfur (S), % 0.1 to 0.65
0
Tin (Sn), % 2.0 to 4.0
0
Zinc (Zn), % 5.0 to 14
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.5