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C84000 Brass vs. C96400 Copper-nickel

Both C84000 brass and C96400 copper-nickel are copper alloys. Both are furnished in the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. They have 69% of their average alloy composition in common. There are 28 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (1, in this case) are not shown.

For each property being compared, the top bar is C84000 brass and the bottom bar is C96400 copper-nickel.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
140
Elongation at Break, % 27
25
Poisson's Ratio 0.33
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 42
51
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 250
490
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 140
260

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 190
240
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 170
260
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 1040
1240
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 940
1170
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 380
400
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 72
28
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 18
15

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 16
5.0
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 17
5.1

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 30
45
Density, g/cm3 8.6
8.9
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.0
5.9
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 49
87
Embodied Water, L/kg 330
280

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 58
100
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 83
250
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 7.2
8.6
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 19
19
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 8.2
15
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 10
16
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 22
7.8
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 9.0
17

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 0 to 0.0050
0
Antimony (Sb), % 0 to 0.020
0
Boron (B), % 0 to 0.1
0
Carbon (C), % 0
0 to 0.15
Copper (Cu), % 82 to 89
62.3 to 71.3
Iron (Fe), % 0 to 0.4
0.25 to 1.5
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.090
0 to 0.010
Manganese (Mn), % 0 to 0.010
0 to 1.5
Nickel (Ni), % 0.5 to 2.0
28 to 32
Niobium (Nb), % 0
0.5 to 1.5
Phosphorus (P), % 0 to 0.050
0 to 0.020
Silicon (Si), % 0 to 0.0050
0 to 0.5
Sulfur (S), % 0.1 to 0.65
0 to 0.020
Tin (Sn), % 2.0 to 4.0
0
Zinc (Zn), % 5.0 to 14
0
Zirconium (Zr), % 0 to 0.1
0
Residuals, % 0 to 0.7
0 to 0.5