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C86300 Bronze vs. EN AC-45400 Aluminum

C86300 bronze belongs to the copper alloys classification, while EN AC-45400 aluminum belongs to the aluminum alloys. There are 29 material properties with values for both materials. Properties with values for just one material (2, in this case) are not shown. Please note that the two materials have significantly dissimilar densities. This means that additional care is required when interpreting the data, because some material properties are based on units of mass, while others are based on units of area or volume.

For each property being compared, the top bar is C86300 bronze and the bottom bar is EN AC-45400 aluminum.

Metric UnitsUS Customary Units

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness 250
86
Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus, GPa 110
72
Elongation at Break, % 14
6.7
Poisson's Ratio 0.32
0.33
Shear Modulus, GPa 42
27
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS), MPa 850
260
Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof), MPa 480
130

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion, J/g 200
470
Maximum Temperature: Mechanical, °C 160
170
Melting Completion (Liquidus), °C 920
630
Melting Onset (Solidus), °C 890
560
Specific Heat Capacity, J/kg-K 420
880
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K 35
140
Thermal Expansion, µm/m-K 20
22

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume, % IACS 8.0
30
Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific), % IACS 9.2
95

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price, % relative 23
10
Density, g/cm3 7.8
2.8
Embodied Carbon, kg CO2/kg material 3.0
7.8
Embodied Energy, MJ/kg 51
150
Embodied Water, L/kg 360
1100

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work), MJ/m3 100
14
Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience), kJ/m3 1030
110
Stiffness to Weight: Axial, points 7.8
14
Stiffness to Weight: Bending, points 20
49
Strength to Weight: Axial, points 30
25
Strength to Weight: Bending, points 25
32
Thermal Diffusivity, mm2/s 11
54
Thermal Shock Resistance, points 28
12

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al), % 5.0 to 7.5
88.4 to 92.9
Copper (Cu), % 60 to 66
2.6 to 3.6
Iron (Fe), % 2.0 to 4.0
0 to 0.6
Lead (Pb), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.1
Magnesium (Mg), % 0
0 to 0.050
Manganese (Mn), % 2.5 to 5.0
0 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni), % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.1
Silicon (Si), % 0
4.5 to 6.0
Tin (Sn), % 0 to 0.2
0 to 0.050
Titanium (Ti), % 0
0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn), % 22 to 28
0 to 0.2
Residuals, % 0 to 1.0
0 to 0.15