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413.0 (413.0-F, S12B, A04130) Cast Aluminum

413.0 aluminum is an aluminum alloy formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. 413.0 is the Aluminum Association (AA) designation for this material. A04130 is the UNS number. Older literature may refer to this material as ASTM S12B, but this is now discouraged.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 413.0 aluminum to: ANSI/AA cast aluminums (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

80

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

2.5 %

Fatigue Strength

130 MPa 19 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

28 GPa 4.0 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

170 MPa 25 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

270 MPa 40 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

140 MPa 20 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

570 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

170 °C 340 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

590 °C 1090 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

580 °C 1070 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

900 J/kg-K 0.21 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

140 W/m-K 79 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

20 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

35 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

120 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.5 % relative

Density

2.6 g/cm3 160 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

7.6 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

140 MJ/kg 61 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1040 L/kg 120 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

5.7 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

130 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

16 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

53 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

29 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

36 points

Thermal Diffusivity

59 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

13 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast aluminum alloys, the composition of 413.0 aluminum is notable for containing a comparatively high amount of silicon (Si). Silicon is used to improve casting fluidity and lower melting temperature. It also has a strengthening effect.

Aluminum (Al) 82.2 to 89
Silicon (Si) 11 to 13
Iron (Fe) 0 to 2.0
Copper (Cu) 0 to 1.0
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.5
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.35
Tin (Sn) 0 to 0.15
Magnesium (Mg) 0 to 0.1
Residuals 0 to 0.25

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM B85: Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings

Iron in Aluminium Alloys: Impurity and Alloying Element, N. A. Belov et al., 2002

Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM Handbook vol. 2, ASM International, 1993