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4147 (BAlSi-9) Aluminum

4147 aluminum is a 4000-series aluminum alloy. The main alloying addition is silicon. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. 4147 is the Aluminum Association (AA) designation for this material. In European standards, it will be given as EN AW-4147. BAlSi-9 is the AWS designation. Additionally, the UNS number is A94147.

It originally received its standard designation in 1989.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 4147 aluminum to: 4000-series alloys (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

72 GPa 10 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

3.3 %

Fatigue Strength

42 MPa 6.1 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

27 GPa 3.9 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

63 MPa 9.2 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

110 MPa 16 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

59 MPa 8.5 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Brazing Temperature

580 to 600 °C 1080 to 1120 °F

Latent Heat of Fusion

570 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

160 °C 320 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

580 °C 1080 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

560 °C 1040 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

900 J/kg-K 0.22 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

130 W/m-K 77 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

21 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

33 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

120 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.5 % relative

Density

2.5 g/cm3 160 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

7.7 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

140 MJ/kg 62 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1050 L/kg 130 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

3.1 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

24 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

16 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

55 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

12 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

20 points

Thermal Diffusivity

58 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

5.2 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought aluminum alloys, the composition of 4147 aluminum is notable for including beryllium (Be) and containing a comparatively high amount of silicon (Si). Beryllium is used to reduce oxidation at elevated temperatures, at the cost of substantial toxicity. Silicon is used to increase strength at the expense of ductility. It also lowers the melting temperature and raises the fluidity of the alloy.

Aluminum (Al) 85 to 88.9
Silicon (Si) 11 to 13
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.8
Magnesium (Mg) 0.1 to 0.5
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.25
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.2
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.1
Beryllium (Be) 0 to 0.00030
Residuals 0 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

AWS A5.8: Specification for Filler Metals for Brazing and Braze Welding

Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM Handbook vol. 2, ASM International, 1993