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5010 (AlMg0.5Mn, A95010) Aluminum

5010 aluminum is a 5000-series aluminum alloy: the main alloying addition is magnesium, and it is formulated for primary forming into wrought products. 5010 is the Aluminum Association (AA) designation for this material. In European standards, it will be given as EN AW-5010. A95010 is the UNS number. Additionally, the EN chemical designation is AlMg0,5Mn.

It originally received its standard designation in 1961.

The properties of 5010 aluminum include twelve common variations. This page shows summary ranges across all of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare 5010 aluminum to: 5000-series alloys (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

27 to 62

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

69 GPa 10 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

1.1 to 23 %

Fatigue Strength

35 to 83 MPa 5.0 to 12 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

26 GPa 3.8 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

64 to 120 MPa 9.3 to 18 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

100 to 210 MPa 15 to 31 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

38 to 190 MPa 5.5 to 28 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

400 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

180 °C 360 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

650 °C 1190 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

630 °C 1160 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

900 J/kg-K 0.21 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

200 W/m-K 120 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

23 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

45 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

150 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.5 % relative

Density

2.7 g/cm3 170 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

8.2 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

150 MJ/kg 66 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1190 L/kg 140 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

2.3 to 20 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

10 to 270 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

50 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

10 to 22 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

18 to 29 points

Thermal Diffusivity

82 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

4.5 to 9.4 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought aluminum alloys, the composition of 5010 aluminum is notable for containing comparatively high amounts of magnesium (Mg) and iron (Fe). Magnesium promotes hardenability through both heat treatment and strain hardening mechanisms. It also increases susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. Most of the time, iron is an impurity in aluminum alloys. However, it may be added in quantity to improve strength (particularly at high temperatures) without much impact on electrical properties.

Aluminum (Al) 97.1 to 99.7
Magnesium (Mg) 0.2 to 0.6
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.7
Manganese (Mn) 0.1 to 0.3
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.4
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.3
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.25
Chromium (Cr) 0 to 0.15
Titanium (Ti) 0 to 0.1
Residuals 0 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

Aluminum: Properties and Physical Metallurgy, John E. Hatch (editor), 1984

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

EN 485-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties

ISO 6361-2: Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys - Sheets, strips and plates - Part 2: Mechanical properties

EN 573-3: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Chemical composition and form of products

Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM Handbook vol. 2, ASM International, 1993