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5050-H34 Aluminum

5050-H34 aluminum is a type of 5050 aluminum. It is furnished in the H34 temper. To achieve this temper, the metal is strain hardened, and then stabilized, to a strength that is roughly halfway between annealed (O) and full-hard (H38).

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 5050-H34 aluminum to: 5000-series alloys (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). The length of each bar shows the given value as a % of the largest value in the relevant set.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

53

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

68 GPa 9.9 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

7.4 %

Fatigue Strength

90 MPa 13 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

26 GPa 3.7 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

120 MPa 18 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

190 MPa 28 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

160 MPa 23 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

650 °C 1200 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

630 °C 1160 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

900 J/kg-K 0.22 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

190 W/m-K 110 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

24 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

50 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

170 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.4 % relative

Calomel Potential

-760 mV

Density

2.7 g/cm3 170 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

8.4 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

150 MJ/kg 66 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1190 L/kg 140 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

13 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

180 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

50 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

20 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

27 points

Thermal Diffusivity

79 m2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

8.4 points

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al) 96.3 to 98.9
Magnesium (Mg) 1.1 to 1.8
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.7
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.4
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.25
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.2
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.1
Chromium (Cr) 0 to 0.1
Residuals 0 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM B483: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Tube and Pipe for General Purpose Applications

ASTM B210: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes

ASTM B547: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Formed and Arc-Welded Round Tube

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

EN 485-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties

Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ISO 6361-2: Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys - Sheets, strips and plates - Part 2: Mechanical properties

EN 573-3: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Chemical composition and form of products