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5056-H18 Aluminum

5056-H18 aluminum is 5056 aluminum in the H18 temper. This is the strongest temper normally produced through the action of only strain hardening. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 5056-H18 aluminum to: 5000-series alloys (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

110

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

67 GPa 9.8 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

9.7 %

Fatigue Strength

150 MPa 22 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

25 GPa 3.7 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

240 MPa 34 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

440 MPa 64 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

410 MPa 59 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

400 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

190 °C 370 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

640 °C 1180 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

570 °C 1050 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

910 J/kg-K 0.22 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

130 W/m-K 73 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

24 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

29 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

99 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.5 % relative

Calomel Potential

-780 mV

Density

2.7 g/cm3 170 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

9.0 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

150 MJ/kg 66 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1180 L/kg 140 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

41 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

1220 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

51 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

46 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

48 points

Thermal Diffusivity

53 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

19 points

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al) 93 to 95.4
Magnesium (Mg) 4.5 to 5.6
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.4
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.3
Manganese (Mn) 0.050 to 0.2
Chromium (Cr) 0.050 to 0.2
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.1
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.1
Residuals 0 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM B211: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire

Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ASM Specialty Handbook: Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 1993