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7178-T651 Aluminum

7178-T651 aluminum is 7178 aluminum in the T651 temper. To achieve this temper, the metal is solution heat-treated, stress relieved, then artificially aged. The stress relief is accomplished by stretching the metal by an amount that depends on the type of standard wrought product being made (sheet, plate, bar, or forging).

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare 7178-T651 aluminum to: 7000-series alloys (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

71 GPa 10 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

8.0 %

Fatigue Strength

200 MPa 30 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.32

Shear Modulus

27 GPa 3.9 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

370 MPa 54 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

630 MPa 91 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

550 MPa 80 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

370 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

180 °C 350 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

630 °C 1170 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

480 °C 890 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

860 J/kg-K 0.2 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

130 W/m-K 72 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

23 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

31 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

91 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

10 % relative

Density

3.1 g/cm3 190 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

8.2 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

150 MJ/kg 62 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1110 L/kg 130 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

48 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

2150 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

45 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

57 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

53 points

Thermal Diffusivity

47 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

27 points

Alloy Composition

Aluminum (Al) 85.4 to 89.5
Zinc (Zn) 6.3 to 7.3
Magnesium (Mg) 2.4 to 3.1
Copper (Cu) 1.6 to 2.4
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.5
Chromium (Cr) 0.18 to 0.28
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.4
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.3
Titanium (Ti) 0 to 0.2
Residuals 0 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

Handbook of Aluminum vol. 2: Alloy Production and Materials Manufacturing, George Totten and D. Scott MacKenzie (editors), 2003

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ASM Specialty Handbook: Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 1993

ISO 6361-2: Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys - Sheets, strips and plates - Part 2: Mechanical properties

EN 573-3: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Chemical composition and form of products