# ASTM A182 Grade F12 Class 1 (K11562) Steel

ASTM A182 grade F12 class 1 is an alloy steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. Grade F12 Class 1 is the ASTM designation for this material. K11562 is the UNS number.

It has a fairly low tensile strength and a moderately high ductility among wrought alloy steels in the same category.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare ASTM A182 grade F12 class 1 to: wrought alloy steels in the same category (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

150

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 27 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

23 *%*

Fatigue Strength

180 *MPa* 25 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Reduction in Area

50 *%*

Shear Modulus

73 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

300 *MPa* 43 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

470 *MPa* 69 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

250 *MPa* 36 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

430 *°C* 800 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 *°C* 2670 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 *°C* 2600 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

470 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

45 *W/m-K* 26 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

13 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.3 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.3 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

2.8 *% relative*

Density

7.9 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

1.6 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

21 *MJ/kg* 8.9 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

52 *L/kg* 6.2 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

2.8

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

91 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

160 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

17 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

17 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

12 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

14 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Among alloy steels, the composition of ASTM A182 grade F12 class 1 is notable for containing a comparatively high amount of chromium (Cr). Chromium is used to improve corrosion resistance and most mechanical properties (particularly at higher temperatures).

Fe | 96.8 to 98.4 | |

Cr | 0.8 to 1.3 | |

Mo | 0.44 to 0.65 | |

Mn | 0.3 to 0.6 | |

Si | 0 to 0.5 | |

C | 0.050 to 0.15 | |

P | 0 to 0.045 | |

S | 0 to 0.045 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

ASTM A182: Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service