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ASTM A182 Grade F22V (K31835) Steel

ASTM A182 grade F22V is an alloy steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the normalized and tempered condition. F22V is the ASTM designation for this material. K31835 is the UNS number.

It has a fairly high embodied energy among wrought alloy steels in the same category. In addition, it has a moderately low thermal conductivity and a moderately high base cost.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare ASTM A182 grade F22V to: wrought alloy steels in the same category (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

210

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 28 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

21 %

Fatigue Strength

320 MPa 47 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Reduction in Area

50 %

Shear Modulus

74 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

420 MPa 61 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

670 MPa 97 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

460 MPa 67 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

460 °C 860 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 °C 2680 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1430 °C 2610 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

39 W/m-K 23 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.6 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.7 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

4.2 % relative

Density

7.9 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.5 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

35 MJ/kg 15 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

61 L/kg 7.2 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

5.6

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

120 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

570 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

24 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

22 points

Thermal Diffusivity

11 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

19 points

Alloy Composition

Among alloy steels, the composition of ASTM A182 grade F22V is notable for including boron (B) and niobium (Nb). Boron is used to improve hardenability. It has a substantial effect when added in even tiny amounts. Niobium is primarily used to improve yield strength.

Iron (Fe) 94.6 to 96.4
Chromium (Cr) 2.0 to 2.5
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.9 to 1.1
Manganese (Mn) 0.3 to 0.6
Vanadium (V) 0.25 to 0.35
Carbon (C) 0.11 to 0.15
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.25
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.2
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.1
Niobium (Nb) 0 to 0.070
Titanium (Ti) 0 to 0.030
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.015
Calcium (Ca) 0 to 0.015
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.010
Boron (B) 0 to 0.0020

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM A182: Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service