# ASTM A387 Grade 11 Class 2 Steel

ASTM A387 grade 11 class 2 is ASTM A387 grade 11 steel in the normalized and tempered condition. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare ASTM A387 grade 11 class 2 to: wrought alloy steels in the same category (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

180

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 27 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

25 *%*

Fatigue Strength

250 *MPa* 37 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

390 *MPa* 56 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

600 *MPa* 87 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

350 *MPa* 50 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

260 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

430 *°C* 810 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1460 *°C* 2660 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 *°C* 2590 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

470 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

39 *W/m-K* 23 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

13 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.4 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.5 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

2.9 *% relative*

Density

7.8 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

1.6 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

21 *MJ/kg* 9.1 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

53 *L/kg* 6.3 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

3.1

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

130 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

320 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

21 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

20 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

11 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

18 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 96.2 to 97.6 | |

Cr | 1.0 to 1.5 | |

Si | 0.5 to 0.8 | |

Mo | 0.45 to 0.65 | |

Mn | 0.4 to 0.65 | |

C | 0.050 to 0.17 | |

P | 0 to 0.025 | |

S | 0 to 0.025 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

ASTM A387: Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Chromium-Molybdenum

Pressure Vessels: External Pressure Technology, 2nd ed., Carl T. F. Ross, 2011

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Manufacture and Uses of Alloy Steels, Henry D. Hibbard, 2005

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015