# ASTM A387 Grade 2 Class 1 Steel

ASTM A387 grade 2 class 1 is ASTM A387 grade 2 steel in the annealed condition. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare ASTM A387 grade 2 class 1 to: wrought alloy steels in the same category (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

140

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 27 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

25 *%*

Fatigue Strength

190 *MPa* 28 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

300 *MPa* 43 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

470 *MPa* 67 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

260 *MPa* 38 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

420 *°C* 790 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 *°C* 2670 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 *°C* 2600 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

470 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

45 *W/m-K* 26 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

13 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.2 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.3 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

2.6 *% relative*

Density

7.9 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

1.6 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

20 *MJ/kg* 8.8 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

50 *L/kg* 6.0 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

2.4

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

98 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

180 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

16 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

17 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

12 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

14 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 97.1 to 98.3 | |

Mn | 0.55 to 0.8 | |

Cr | 0.5 to 0.8 | |

Mo | 0.45 to 0.6 | |

Si | 0.15 to 0.4 | |

C | 0.050 to 0.21 | |

P | 0 to 0.025 | |

S | 0 to 0.025 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

ASTM A387: Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Chromium-Molybdenum

Pressure Vessels: External Pressure Technology, 2nd ed., Carl T. F. Ross, 2011

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Manufacture and Uses of Alloy Steels, Henry D. Hibbard, 2005

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015