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ASTM A602 Grade M3210 (F20000) Cast Iron

Grade M3210 cast iron is automotive malleable cast iron in the annealed condition. M3210 is the ASTM designation for this material. F20000 is the UNS number. It has the lowest strength and highest ductility compared to the other variants of automotive malleable cast iron.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare grade M3210 cast iron to: cast irons (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

130

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

180 GPa 26 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

10 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

70 GPa 10 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

350 MPa 50 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

220 MPa 32 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

260 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1410 °C 2570 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1370 °C 2500 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.12 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

41 W/m-K 24 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

14 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.4 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.7 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

1.9 % relative

Density

7.6 g/cm3 480 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.5 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

20 MJ/kg 8.7 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

45 L/kg 5.3 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

30 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

130 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

13 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

14 points

Thermal Diffusivity

11 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

9.9 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 93.6 to 96.7
Carbon (C) 2.2 to 2.9
Silicon (Si) 0.9 to 1.9
Manganese (Mn) 0.15 to 1.3
Sulfur (S) 0.020 to 0.2
Phosphorus (P) 0.020 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM A602: Standard Specification for Automotive Malleable Iron Castings

Cast Iron: Physical and Engineering Properties, Harold T. Angus, 1976

Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook vol. 1, ASM International, 1993

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008