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AWS E430 (W43010) Weld Metal

AWS E430 is a weld metal formulated for joining stainless steels. Cited properties are appropriate for the post-weld heat treated (PWHT) condition. E430 is the AWS designation for this material. W43010 is the UNS number. Additionally, the ISO numeric designation is ES430.

It has a very low tensile strength among stainless steel welding fillers. In addition, it has a very low base cost and a fairly high thermal conductivity.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare AWS E430 to: stainless steel welding fillers (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 29 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

23 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Shear Modulus

77 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

500 MPa 73 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

280 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 °C 2630 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 °C 2550 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

25 W/m-K 14 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

14 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.8 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

3.2 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.0 % relative

Density

7.7 g/cm3 480 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.2 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

31 MJ/kg 13 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

120 L/kg 14 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

18

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

18 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

18 points

Thermal Diffusivity

6.7 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

13 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 77.8 to 85
Chromium (Cr) 15 to 18
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.9
Molybdenum (Mo) 0 to 0.75
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.75
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.6
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.1
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

AWS A5.4: Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Stainless Steels, John C. Lippold and Damian J. Kotecki, 2005

Welding Metallurgy of Stainless Steels, Erich Folkhard et al., 2012