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AWS E630 (W37410) Weld Metal

AWS E630 is a weld metal formulated for joining stainless steels. Cited properties are appropriate for the post-weld heat treated (PWHT) condition. E630 is the AWS designation for this material. W37410 is the UNS number. Additionally, the ISO numeric designation is ES630.

It has the highest tensile strength among stainless steel welding fillers. In addition, it has the lowest ductility and a very low embodied energy.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare AWS E630 to: stainless steel welding fillers (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 28 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

8.0 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Shear Modulus

76 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

1040 MPa 150 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

280 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1430 °C 2600 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1380 °C 2520 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

17 W/m-K 9.7 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

14 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.3 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.6 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

14 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.8 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

40 MJ/kg 17 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

140 L/kg 16 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

18

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

37 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

29 points

Thermal Diffusivity

4.5 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

28 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 71.6 to 75.9
Chromium (Cr) 16 to 16.8
Nickel (Ni) 4.5 to 5.0
Copper (Cu) 3.3 to 4.0
Manganese (Mn) 0.25 to 0.75
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.75
Molybdenum (Mo) 0 to 0.75
Niobium (Nb) 0.15 to 0.3
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.050
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

AWS A5.4: Specification for Stainless Steel Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Stainless Steels, John C. Lippold and Damian J. Kotecki, 2005

Welding Metallurgy of Stainless Steels, Erich Folkhard et al., 2012