# Annealed 410Cb Stainless Steel

Annealed AISI 410Cb is AISI 410Cb stainless steel in the annealed condition. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare annealed AISI 410Cb to: wrought martensitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

200

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 28 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

15 *%*

Fatigue Strength

180 *MPa* 26 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Reduction in Area

50 *%*

Shear Modulus

76 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

340 *MPa* 49 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

550 *MPa* 80 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

310 *MPa* 45 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

270 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

410 *°C* 770 *°F*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

730 *°C* 1340 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1450 *°C* 2630 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 *°C* 2560 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

480 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

27 *W/m-K* 16 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

10 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.9 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

3.3 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

7.5 *% relative*

Density

7.7 *g/cm ^{3}* 480

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

2.0 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

29 *MJ/kg* 12 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

97 *L/kg* 12 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

12

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

70 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

240 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

20 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

19 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

7.3 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

20 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 84.5 to 89 | |

Cr | 11 to 13 | |

Mn | 0 to 1.0 | |

Si | 0 to 1.0 | |

Nb | 0.050 to 0.3 | |

C | 0 to 0.18 | |

P | 0 to 0.040 | |

S | 0 to 0.030 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

ASTM A479: Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes for Use in Boilers and Other Pressure Vessels

Creep-Resistant Steels, Fujio Abe et al. (editors), 2008

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering, Jason Rowe (editor), 2012

Welding Metallurgy of Stainless Steels, Erich Folkhard et al., 2012

ASTM A959: Standard Guide for Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for Wrought Stainless Steels

Pressure Vessels: External Pressure Technology, 2nd ed., Carl T. F. Ross, 2011

Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook vol. 1, ASM International, 1993

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

ASM Specialty Handbook: Stainless Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1994

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010