MakeItFrom.com
Menu (ESC)

As Hot Rolled (M20) C51100 Bronze

M20 C51100 bronze is C51100 bronze in the M20 (as hot rolled) condition. It has the second lowest strength and highest ductility compared to the other variants of C51100 bronze. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare M20 C51100 bronze to: wrought bronzes (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

110 GPa 16 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

50 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.34

Shear Modulus

42 GPa 6.1 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

250 MPa 36 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

350 MPa 50 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

110 MPa 17 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

200 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

190 °C 370 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1060 °C 1950 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

970 °C 1790 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

380 J/kg-K 0.090 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

84 W/m-K 49 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

18 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

20 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

20 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

32 % relative

Density

8.9 g/cm3 550 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

3.0 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

48 MJ/kg 21 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

340 L/kg 41 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

140 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

58 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.1 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

18 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

11 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

12 points

Thermal Diffusivity

25 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

12 points

Alloy Composition

Copper (Cu) 93.8 to 96.5
Tin (Sn) 3.5 to 4.9
Phosphorus (P) 0.030 to 0.35
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.3
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.1
Lead (Pb) 0 to 0.050
Residuals 0 to 0.5

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM B103: Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

ASM Specialty Handbook: Copper and Copper Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 2001