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Cold Finished 310 Stainless Steel

Cold finished AISI 310 is AISI 310 stainless steel in the cold worked (strain hardened) condition. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare cold finished AISI 310 to: wrought austenitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness


Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 29 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

34 %

Fatigue Strength

280 MPa 41 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Rockwell B Hardness


Shear Modulus

78 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

470 MPa 68 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

710 MPa 100 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

350 MPa 51 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

310 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

440 °C 830 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

1040 °C 1900 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1450 °C 2640 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 °C 2550 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

15 W/m-K 8.6 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

15 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

2.5 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

25 % relative


7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

4.3 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

61 MJ/kg 26 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

190 L/kg 23 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)


Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

200 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

310 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

25 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

22 points

Thermal Diffusivity

3.9 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

17 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 48.2 to 57
Chromium (Cr) 24 to 26
Nickel (Ni) 19 to 22
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 2.0
Silicon (Si) 0 to 1.5
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.25
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.045
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM A167: Standard Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

EN 10095: Heat resisting steels and nickel alloys

ASTM A182: Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A276: Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes

Creep-Resistant Steels, Fujio Abe et al. (editors), 2008

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering, Jason Rowe (editor), 2012

ASTM A959: Standard Guide for Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for Wrought Stainless Steels

Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless Steels: Mechanism, Mitigation and Monitoring, H. S. Khatak and B. Raj (editors), 2002

Austenitic Stainless Steels: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties, P. Marshall, 1984

ASM Specialty Handbook: Stainless Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1994