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Cold Rolled Type 2 Pewter

Cold rolled Type 2 pewter is Type 2 pewter in the cold worked (strain hardened) condition. It has the lowest strength compared to the other variants of Type 2 pewter. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare cold rolled Type 2 pewter to: tin alloys (top), all alloys in the same category (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness


Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

52 GPa 7.5 x 106 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

19 GPa 2.8 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

52 MPa 7.6 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

69 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

300 °C 560 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

240 °C 470 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

220 J/kg-K 0.054 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Expansion

21 µm/m-K

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

75 % relative


7.3 g/cm3 460 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

12 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

210 MJ/kg 89 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1220 L/kg 150 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

3.9 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

17 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

2.0 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

4.3 points

Thermal Shock Resistance

3.4 points

Alloy Composition

Tin (Sn)Sn 90 to 93
Antimony (Sb)Sb 5.0 to 7.5
Copper (Cu)Cu 1.5 to 3.0
Lead (Pb)Pb 0 to 0.050
Arsenic (As)As 0 to 0.050
Iron (Fe)Fe 0 to 0.015
Zinc (Zn)Zn 0 to 0.0050

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM B560: Standard Specification for Modern Pewter Alloys