# EN 1.0070 (E360) Non-Alloy Steel

EN 1.0070 steel is a carbon (non-alloy) steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the hot worked condition. 1.0070 is the EN numeric designation for this material. E360 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a very low base cost among wrought carbon or non-alloy steels. In addition, it has a very low electrical conductivity and a fairly high thermal conductivity.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.0070 steel to: wrought carbon or non-alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

210

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 *GPa* 27 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

9.1 *%*

Fatigue Strength

210 *MPa* 30 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 *GPa* 11 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

440 *MPa* 64 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

740 *MPa* 110 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

350 *MPa* 50 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 *°C* 750 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1470 *°C* 2680 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1430 *°C* 2600 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

470 *J/kg-K* 0.11 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

53 *W/m-K* 30 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

12 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

6.8 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

7.8 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

1.7 *% relative*

Density

7.9 *g/cm ^{3}* 490

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

1.4 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

18 *MJ/kg* 7.7 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

45 *L/kg* 5.3 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

56 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

320 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

26 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

23 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

14 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

23 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Fe | 99.876 to 100 | |

P | 0 to 0.055 | |

S | 0 to 0.055 | |

N | 0 to 0.014 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Similar Alloys

## Further Reading

EN 10025-2: Hot rolled products of structural steels - Part 2: Technical delivery conditions for non-alloy structural steels

Carbon Steel Handbook, D. Gandy, 2007

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015