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EN 1.0580 (E355) Non-Alloy Steel

EN 1.0580 steel is a carbon (non-alloy) steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. 1.0580 is the EN numeric designation for this material. E355 is the EN chemical designation. It can have the lowest ductility among the wrought carbon or non-alloy steels in the database.

The properties of EN 1.0580 steel include three common variations. This page shows summary ranges across all of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare EN 1.0580 steel to: wrought carbon or non-alloy steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

160 to 180

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

5.6 to 25 %

Fatigue Strength

210 to 270 MPa 31 to 39 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

340 to 360 MPa 50 to 52 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

540 to 620 MPa 79 to 89 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

290 to 450 MPa 42 to 65 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 °C 750 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1460 °C 2660 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 °C 2590 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

51 W/m-K 30 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

12 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.2 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

1.8 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.4 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

18 MJ/kg 7.9 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

46 L/kg 5.5 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

31 to 120 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

230 to 540 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

19 to 22 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

19 to 21 points

Thermal Diffusivity

14 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

17 to 20 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe) 97.5 to 100
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.6
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.55
Carbon (C) 0 to 0.22
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.045
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.045

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10296-1: Welded circular steel tubes for mechanical and general engineering purposes - Technical delivery conditions - Part 1: Non-alloy and alloy steel tubes

EN 10297-1: Seamless circular steel tubes for mechanical and general engineering purposes - Technical delivery conditions - Part 1: Non-alloy and alloy steel tubes

Microstructure of Steels and Cast Irons, Madeleine Durand-Charre, 2004

Carbon Steel Handbook, D. Gandy, 2007

Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015