MakeItFrom.com
Menu (ESC)

EN 1.4109 (X70CrMo15) Stainless Steel

EN 1.4109 stainless steel is a martensitic stainless steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. 1.4109 is the EN numeric designation for this material. X70CrMo15 is the EN chemical designation.

It has a moderately high ductility among the wrought martensitic stainless steels in the database.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN 1.4109 stainless steel to: wrought martensitic stainless steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

250

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

200 GPa 28 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

19 %

Fatigue Strength

270 MPa 39 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.28

Shear Modulus

76 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

480 MPa 70 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

770 MPa 110 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

420 MPa 61 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

280 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Corrosion

390 °C 730 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

820 °C 1500 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1440 °C 2620 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1400 °C 2540 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

30 W/m-K 17 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

10 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

2.7 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

3.1 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

8.5 % relative

Density

7.7 g/cm3 480 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.2 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

30 MJ/kg 13 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

110 L/kg 13 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)

17

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

120 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

460 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

28 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

24 points

Thermal Diffusivity

8.1 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

28 points

Alloy Composition

Among wrought stainless steels, the composition of EN 1.4109 stainless steel is notable for containing comparatively high amounts of chromium (Cr) and carbon (C). Chromium is the defining alloying element of stainless steel. Higher chromium content imparts additional corrosion resistance. Carbon is used to increase strength at the cost of a decrease in toughness and corrosion resistance.

Iron (Fe) 80.7 to 85
Chromium (Cr) 14 to 16
Carbon (C) 0.6 to 0.75
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.4 to 0.8
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 1.0
Silicon (Si) 0 to 0.7
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.040
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.015

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 10088-3: Stainless steels - Part 3: Technical delivery conditions for semi-finished products, bars, rods, wire, sections and bright products of corrosion resisting steels for general purposes

EN 10088-1: Stainless steels - Part 1: List of stainless steels

Corrosion of Stainless Steels, A. John Sedriks, 1996

Advances in Stainless Steels, Baldev Raj et al. (editors), 2010

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015