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EN AC-43400 (43400-F, AISi10Mg(Fe)) Cast Aluminum

EN AC-43400 aluminum is an aluminum alloy formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. 43400 is the EN numeric designation for this material. AISi10Mg(Fe) is the EN chemical designation.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN AC-43400 aluminum to: Euronorm (EN) cast aluminums (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

80

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

72 GPa 10 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

1.1 %

Fatigue Strength

110 MPa 16 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

27 GPa 3.9 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

270 MPa 39 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

160 MPa 23 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

540 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

170 °C 340 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

600 °C 1110 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

590 °C 1090 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

900 J/kg-K 0.22 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

140 W/m-K 79 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

22 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

32 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

110 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

9.5 % relative

Density

2.6 g/cm3 160 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

7.8 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

150 MJ/kg 63 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1070 L/kg 130 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

2.6 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

180 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

15 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

54 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

29 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

36 points

Thermal Diffusivity

59 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

12 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast aluminum alloys, the composition of EN AC-43400 aluminum is notable for including lead (Pb) and containing a comparatively high amount of silicon (Si). Lead is used to improve machinability at the cost of toxicity and a decrease in weldability. Silicon is used to improve casting fluidity and lower melting temperature. It also has a strengthening effect.

Aluminum (Al) 86 to 90.8
Silicon (Si) 9.0 to 11
Iron (Fe) 0 to 1.0
Magnesium (Mg) 0.2 to 0.5
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.55
Titanium (Ti) 0 to 0.2
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.15
Lead (Pb) 0 to 0.15
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.15
Copper (Cu) 0 to 0.1
Tin (Sn) 0 to 0.050
Residuals 0 to 0.15

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 1706: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Castings. Chemical composition and mechanical properties

Handbook of Aluminum Bonding Technology and Data, J. D. Minford, 1993