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EN AC-46500 (46500-F, AISi9Cu3(Fe)(Zn)) Cast Aluminum

EN AC-46500 aluminum is an aluminum alloy formulated for casting. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. 46500 is the EN numeric designation for this material. AISi9Cu3(Fe)(Zn) is the EN chemical designation.

It has a fairly low ductility among Euronorm (EN) cast aluminums. In addition, it has a fairly low electrical conductivity and a fairly low melting temperature.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare EN AC-46500 aluminum to: Euronorm (EN) cast aluminums (top), all aluminum alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

91

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

74 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

1.0 %

Fatigue Strength

110 MPa 16 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Shear Modulus

28 GPa 4.0 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

270 MPa 39 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

160 MPa 23 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

520 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

180 °C 350 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

610 °C 1140 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

520 °C 970 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

880 J/kg-K 0.21 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

100 W/m-K 59 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

21 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

26 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

81 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

10 % relative

Density

2.9 g/cm3 180 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

7.6 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

140 MJ/kg 61 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

1030 L/kg 120 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

2.3 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

170 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

14 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

49 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

26 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

32 points

Thermal Diffusivity

41 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

12 points

Alloy Composition

Among cast aluminum alloys, the composition of EN AC-46500 aluminum is notable for including chromium (Cr) and lead (Pb). Chromium is used to limit grain growth during hot working or heat treatment, which improves ductility and toughness. Chromium also reduces the alloy's susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking. If the alloy is anodized, the presence of chromium will tend to add a yellow tint to the film. Lead is used to improve machinability at the cost of toxicity and a decrease in weldability.

Aluminum (Al) 77.9 to 90
Silicon (Si) 8.0 to 11
Copper (Cu) 2.0 to 4.0
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 3.0
Iron (Fe) 0 to 1.3
Magnesium (Mg) 0.050 to 0.55
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.55
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.55
Lead (Pb) 0 to 0.35
Titanium (Ti) 0 to 0.25
Chromium (Cr) 0 to 0.15
Tin (Sn) 0 to 0.15
Residuals 0 to 0.25

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

EN 1706: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Castings. Chemical composition and mechanical properties

Iron in Aluminium Alloys: Impurity and Alloying Element, N. A. Belov et al., 2002