Menu (ESC)

Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)

ETFE is a fluoroplastic (fluorine-based thermoplastic). It has a fairly high density among thermoplastics. In addition, it has a fairly high ductility and a moderately low tensile strength. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare ETFE to: fluoroplastics (top), all thermoplastics (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

1.5 GPa 0.22 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

230 %

Flexural Modulus

1.2 GPa 0.17 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

46 MPa 6.7 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Heat Deflection Temperature At 1.82 MPa (264 psi)

50 °C 120 °F

Heat Deflection Temperature At 455 kPa (66 psi)

80 °C 180 °F

Maximum Temperature: Autoignition

540 °C 1000 °F

Maximum Temperature: Decomposition

400 °C 750 °F

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

160 °C 320 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

260 °C 490 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

1000 J/kg-K 0.24 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

0.24 W/m-K 0.14 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

95 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Dielectric Constant (Relative Permittivity) At 1 Hz


Dielectric Constant (Relative Permittivity) At 1 MHz


Dielectric Strength (Breakdown Potential)

16 kV/mm 0.63 V/mil

Electrical Resistivity Order of Magnitude

15 10x Ω-m

Otherwise Unclassified Properties


1.8 g/cm3 110 lb/ft3

Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI)

30 %

Water Absorption After 24 Hours

0.010 %

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

0.48 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

22 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

7.3 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

16 points

Thermal Diffusivity

0.14 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

23 points

Followup Questions

Further Reading

Fluoroplastics: Volume 2 - Melt Processable Fluoropolymers, Sina Ebnesajjad, 2003

SPI Plastics Engineering Handbook of the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc., 5th ed., Michael L. Berins (editor), 2000

Modern Plastics Handbook, Charles A. Harper (editor), 1999

Plastics Materials, 7th ed., J. A. Brydson, 1999