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Extra-Spring (H10) C22000 Bronze

H10 C22000 bronze is C22000 bronze in the H10 (extra spring) temper. It has the highest strength and lowest ductility compared to the other variants of C22000 bronze. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare H10 C22000 bronze to: wrought bronzes (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

110 GPa 16 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

1.9 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.33

Rockwell B Hardness

81

Rockwell Superficial 30T Hardness

73

Shear Modulus

42 GPa 6.2 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

300 MPa 43 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

520 MPa 76 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

500 MPa 73 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

200 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

180 °C 360 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1040 °C 1910 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1020 °C 1870 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

390 J/kg-K 0.092 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

190 W/m-K 110 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

18 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

44 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

45 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

29 % relative

Density

8.7 g/cm3 540 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.6 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

42 MJ/kg 18 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

310 L/kg 37 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

9.9 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

1110 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.2 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

18 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

17 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

17 points

Thermal Diffusivity

56 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

18 points

Alloy Composition

Copper (Cu) 89 to 91
Zinc (Zn) 8.7 to 11
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.050
Lead (Pb) 0 to 0.050
Residuals 0 to 0.2

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM B134: Standard Specification for Brass Wire

ASTM B36: Standard Specification for Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, And Rolled Bar

Copper: Its Trade, Manufacture, Use, and Environmental Status, Gunter Joseph, 2001

Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM Handbook vol. 2, ASM International, 1993