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Full-Hard (H04) C63800 Bronze

H04 C63800 bronze is C63800 bronze in the H04 (full hard) temper. It has the second lowest ductility compared to the other variants of C63800 bronze. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare H04 C63800 bronze to: wrought bronzes (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

110 GPa 17 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

13 %

Poisson's Ratio

0.34

Rockwell B Hardness

99

Rockwell Superficial 30T Hardness

82

Shear Modulus

43 GPa 6.2 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

500 MPa 73 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

830 MPa 120 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

510 MPa 74 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

240 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

200 °C 400 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1030 °C 1880 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1000 °C 1830 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

410 J/kg-K 0.1 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

40 W/m-K 23 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

17 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

10 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

10 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

30 % relative

Density

8.6 g/cm3 540 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.8 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

45 MJ/kg 19 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

330 L/kg 39 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

94 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

1130 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.4 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

19 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

27 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

23 points

Thermal Diffusivity

11 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

30 points

Alloy Composition

Copper (Cu) 92.4 to 95.8
Aluminum (Al) 2.5 to 3.1
Silicon (Si) 1.5 to 2.1
Cobalt (Co) 0.25 to 0.55
Zinc (Zn) 0 to 0.8
Nickel (Ni) 0 to 0.2
Iron (Fe) 0 to 0.2
Manganese (Mn) 0 to 0.1
Lead (Pb) 0 to 0.050
Residuals 0 to 0.5

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Further Reading

ASTM B422: Standard Specification for Copper-Aluminum-Silicon-Cobalt Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Silicon-Magnesium Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Silicon Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy, and Copper- Nickel-Tin Alloy Sheet and Strip

ASM Specialty Handbook: Copper and Copper Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 2001

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015