# Full-Hard (H04) C77000 Nickel Silver

H04 C77000 nickel silver is C77000 nickel silver in the H04 (full hard) temper. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare H04 C77000 nickel silver to: wrought copper-nickels (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

120 *GPa* 17 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

3.0 *%*

Poisson's Ratio

0.31

Rockwell B Hardness

92

Rockwell Superficial 30T Hardness

78

Shear Modulus

46 *GPa* 6.7 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

360 *MPa* 52 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

630 *MPa* 91 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

590 *MPa* 85 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

200 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

180 *°C* 360 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1050 *°C* 1930 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1000 *°C* 1840 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

400 *J/kg-K* 0.095 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

29 *W/m-K* 17 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

17 *µm/m-K*

## Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

5.5 *% IACS*

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

6.0 *% IACS*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

31 *% relative*

Density

8.3 *g/cm ^{3}* 520

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

4.1 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

63 *MJ/kg* 27 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

300 *L/kg* 36 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

18 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

1420 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

8.1 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

20 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

21 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

20 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

8.8 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

22 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Cu | 53.5 to 56.5 | |

Zn | 22.7 to 30 | |

Ni | 16.5 to 19.5 | |

Mn | 0 to 0.5 | |

Fe | 0 to 0.25 | |

Pb | 0 to 0.050 | |

res. | 0 to 0.5 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

ASTM B151: Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver) and Copper-Nickel Rod and Bar

ASTM B122: Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

Copper: Its Trade, Manufacture, Use, and Environmental Status, Gunter Joseph, 2001

Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM Handbook vol. 2, ASM International, 1993