# Half-Hard (H02) C14510 Copper

H02 C14510 copper is C14510 copper in the H02 (half hard) temper. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare H02 C14510 copper to: wrought coppers (top), all copper alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

## Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

120 *GPa* 17 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Elongation at Break

9.1 *%*

Poisson's Ratio

0.34

Shear Modulus

43 *GPa* 6.3 *x 10 ^{6} psi*

Shear Strength

180 *MPa* 25 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

300 *MPa* 43 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

230 *MPa* 33 *x 10 ^{3} psi*

## Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

210 *J/g*

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

200 *°C* 390 *°F*

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1080 *°C* 1970 *°F*

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1050 *°C* 1920 *°F*

Specific Heat Capacity

390 *J/kg-K* 0.092 *BTU/lb-°F*

Thermal Conductivity

360 *W/m-K* 210 *BTU/h-ft-°F*

Thermal Expansion

17 *µm/m-K*

## Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

33 *% relative*

Density

8.9 *g/cm ^{3}* 560

*lb/ft*

^{3}Embodied Carbon

2.6 *kg CO _{2}/kg material*

Embodied Energy

42 *MJ/kg* 18 *x 10 ^{3} BTU/lb*

Embodied Water

310 *L/kg* 37 *gal/lb*

## Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

25 *MJ/m ^{3}*

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

230 *kJ/m ^{3}*

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

7.2 *points*

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

18 *points*

Strength to Weight: Axial

9.2 *points*

Strength to Weight: Bending

11 *points*

Thermal Diffusivity

100 *mm ^{2}/s*

Thermal Shock Resistance

11 *points*

## Alloy Composition

Cu | 99.15 to 99.69 | |

Te | 0.3 to 0.7 | |

Pb | 0 to 0.050 | |

P | 0.010 to 0.030 |

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

## Followup Questions

## Further Reading

ASTM B301: Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Copper Rod, Bar, Wire, and Shapes

Copper Alloys: Preparation, Properties and Applications, Michael Naboka and Jennifer Giordano (editors), 2013

Copper: Its Trade, Manufacture, Use, and Environmental Status, Gunter Joseph, 2001

ASM Specialty Handbook: Copper and Copper Alloys, J. R. Davis (editor), 2001