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Low-Density Pressed and Sintered ASTM B631 Class A Silver-Tungsten Alloy

Low-density ASTM B631 class A is a type of ASTM B631 class A. Cited properties are appropriate for the as-fabricated (no temper or treatment) condition. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare low-density ASTM B631 class A to: precious metal electrical contact alloys (top), all alloys in the same category (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

220 GPa 32 x 106 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Rockwell B Hardness


Shear Modulus

86 GPa 12 x 106 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

160 J/g

Specific Heat Capacity

160 J/kg-K 0.038 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

420 W/m-K 240 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

11 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

40 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

25 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties


15 g/cm3 910 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

43 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

670 MJ/kg 290 x 103 BTU/lb

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

8.5 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

14 points

Thermal Diffusivity

180 mm2/s

Alloy Composition

Tungsten (W)W 70.1 to 75
Silver (Ag)Ag 25 to 29
Carbon (C)C 0 to 0.2
Copper (Cu)Cu 0 to 0.2
Residualsres. 0 to 0.5

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM B631: Standard Specification for Silver-Tungsten Electrical Contact Materials

Tungsten: Properties, Chemistry, Technology of the Element, Alloys, and Chemical Compounds, Erik Lassner and Wolf-Dieter Schubert, 1999