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Marble is a type of common industrial natural stone. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare marble to other natural stone materials (top) and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Compressive (Crushing) Strength

540 MPa 78 x 103 psi

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

54 GPa 7.8 x 106 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

27 GPa 3.9 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

9.0 MPa 1.3 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

250 °C 480 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

870 J/kg-K 0.21 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

3.1 W/m-K 1.8 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

21 µm/m-K

Other Material Properties


2.7 g/cm3 170 lb/ft3

Dielectric Strength (Breakdown Potential)

8.5 kV/mm 0.33 V/mil

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

11 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

47 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

0.93 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

3.6 points

Thermal Diffusivity

1.3 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

0.57 points

Followup Questions