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SAE-AISI 94B17 (G94171) Boron Steel

SAE-AISI 94B17 steel is an alloy steel formulated for primary forming into wrought products. Cited properties are appropriate for the annealed condition. 94B17 is the designation in both the SAE and AISI systems for this material. G94171 is the UNS number.

It has a moderately low tensile strength among the SAE-AISI wrought steels in the database.

The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare SAE-AISI 94B17 steel to: SAE-AISI wrought steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Brinell Hardness

130

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 27 x 106 psi

Elongation at Break

25 %

Fatigue Strength

200 MPa 29 x 103 psi

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

73 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

280 MPa 41 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

440 MPa 64 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

270 MPa 40 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

250 J/g

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

410 °C 770 °F

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1460 °C 2660 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1420 °C 2590 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

470 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

39 W/m-K 22 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

13 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

7.2 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

8.3 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

2.4 % relative

Density

7.8 g/cm3 490 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

1.5 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

20 MJ/kg 8.5 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

49 L/kg 5.9 gal/lb

Common Calculations

Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

96 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

200 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

16 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

16 points

Thermal Diffusivity

10 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

13 points

Alloy Composition

Among alloy steels, the composition of SAE-AISI 94B17 steel is notable for including boron (B). Boron is used to improve hardenability. It has a substantial effect when added in even tiny amounts.

Iron (Fe) 97.1 to 98.3
Manganese (Mn) 0.75 to 1.0
Nickel (Ni) 0.3 to 0.6
Chromium (Cr) 0.3 to 0.5
Silicon (Si) 0.15 to 0.35
Carbon (C) 0.15 to 0.2
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.080 to 0.15
Sulfur (S) 0 to 0.040
Phosphorus (P) 0 to 0.035
Boron (B) 0.00050 to 0.0030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM A752: Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wire Rods and Coarse Round Wire, Alloy Steel

ASTM A322: Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Alloy, Standard Grades

Boron in Steel, S. K. Banerji and J. E. Morral (editors), 1980

ASTM A29: Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for

Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook vol. 1, ASM International, 1993

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996

Manufacture and Uses of Alloy Steels, Henry D. Hibbard, 2005

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015

Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance, 2nd ed., George Krauss, 2015