Menu (ESC)

SAE-AISI H14 (T20814) Chromium Hot-Work Steel

SAE-AISI H14 steel is a tool steel. H14 is the designation in both the SAE and AISI systems for this material. T20814 is the UNS number. It has the highest electrical conductivity among the tool steels in the database.

The properties of SAE-AISI H14 steel include two common variations. This page shows summary ranges across both of them. For more specific values, follow the links immediately below. The graph bars on the material properties cards further below compare SAE-AISI H14 steel to: tool steels (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

190 GPa 28 x 106 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

75 GPa 11 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

710 to 2030 MPa 100 to 290 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Latent Heat of Fusion

270 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1530 °C 2790 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1490 °C 2710 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

460 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

35 W/m-K 20 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

11 µm/m-K

Electrical Properties

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Volume

9.3 % IACS

Electrical Conductivity: Equal Weight (Specific)

10 % IACS

Otherwise Unclassified Properties

Base Metal Price

15 % relative


8.1 g/cm3 510 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

2.7 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

39 MJ/kg 17 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

73 L/kg 8.7 gal/lb

Common Calculations

PREN (Pitting Resistance)


Stiffness to Weight: Axial

13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

24 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

24 to 69 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

22 to 44 points

Thermal Diffusivity

9.3 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

24 to 68 points

Alloy Composition

Iron (Fe)Fe 86.5 to 89.9
Chromium (Cr)Cr 4.8 to 5.5
Tungsten (W)W 4.0 to 5.3
Silicon (Si)Si 0.8 to 1.2
Carbon (C)C 0.35 to 0.45
Manganese (Mn)Mn 0.2 to 0.5
Nickel (Ni)Ni 0 to 0.3
Copper (Cu)Cu 0 to 0.25
Phosphorus (P)P 0 to 0.030
Sulfur (S)S 0 to 0.030

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

Similar Alloys

Further Reading

ASTM A681: Standard Specification for Tool Steels Alloy

Tool Steels, 5th ed., George Roberts et al., 1998

Tool Steels: Properties and Performance, Rafael A. Mesquita (editor), 2016

ASM Specialty Handbook: Carbon and Alloy Steels, J. R. Davis (editor), 1996