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Sandstone is a type of common industrial natural stone. It has the lowest tensile strength and the highest thermal conductivity among natural stone materials. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare sandstone to other natural stone materials (top) and the entire database (bottom). A full bar means this is the highest value in the relevant set. A half-full bar means it's 50% of the highest, and so on.

Mechanical Properties

Compressive (Crushing) Strength

120 MPa 18 x 103 psi

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

38 GPa 5.5 x 106 psi

Poisson's Ratio


Shear Modulus

15 GPa 2.2 x 106 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

4.0 MPa 0.58 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties

Maximum Temperature: Mechanical

400 °C 750 °F

Specific Heat Capacity

880 J/kg-K 0.21 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

5.6 W/m-K 3.2 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

10 µm/m-K

Other Material Properties


2.6 g/cm3 160 lb/ft3

Dielectric Strength (Breakdown Potential)

8.5 kV/mm 0.33 V/mil

Common Calculations

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

8.1 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

43 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

0.43 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

2.1 points

Thermal Diffusivity

2.4 mm2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

0.75 points

Followup Questions

Further Reading

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, 4th ed., James F. Shackelford et al. (editors), 2015